A dental filling is the most common type of restorative dentistry treatment. It is used to repair minimal tooth fractures, tooth decay or otherwise damaged surfaces of the teeth. Dental filling materials, which include composite, resin, and porcelain, may be used to even out tooth surfaces for better biting or chewing.
The dentist begins the dental filling procedure by preparing and isolating the tooth and necessary surrounding areas in order to restore the damaged section. The decay or damage is removed with a dental hand-piece and the area is cleansed to remove bacteria or debris before restoration is completed. The bonding procedure requires the placement of various adhesives followed by the filling material, which is then hardened with a special bonding light. The final step is shaping, smoothing, and polishing the surfaces. The completed restoration is both functional and natural looking.